People often hold extreme political attitudes about complex policies. We hypothesized that people typically know less
about such policies than they think they do (the illusion of explanatory depth) and that polarized attitudes are enabled
by simplistic causal models. Asking people to explain policies in detail both undermined the illusion of explanatory
depth and led to attitudes that were more moderate (Experiments 1 and 2). Although these effects occurred when
people were asked to generate a mechanistic explanation, they did not occur when people were instead asked to
enumerate reasons for their policy preferences (Experiment 2). Finally, generating mechanistic explanations reduced
donations to relevant political advocacy groups (Experiment 3). The evidence suggests that people’s mistaken sense
that they understand the causal processes underlying policies contributes to political polarization.
לקוח מהמאמר הזה:
" Political Extremism Is Supported by an Illusion of Understanding ( " Fernbach, Rogers, Fox & Sloman, 2013 (.