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מוזיאון גטי וילה - גלרייה מספר 114 - חלק 1

ברשומה זו אני פותח את סיורי בגלריות השונות כאן המכילות חפצי אמנות רבים ומעניינים. כחובב אמנות מצאתי כאן עשרות מוצגים מעניינים מהתקופה ההיא ומקוה לשתף אתכם בחוויה ולהעלות ברשומות הבאות כמה שיותר מוצגים להנאתכם. אני משוכנע שיהו חברים שרשומות אולי ישעממו אותם אולם אני מרגיש צורך עז להעלות את רוב המוצגים המעניינים משום שכמותם לא רואים או פוגשים כל יום. אז אני מתחיל בקומה הראשונה של המוזיאון בגלרייה מספר 114 ואת האינפורמציה הנילווית בחרתי להעלות באנגלית על מנת להישאר נאמן למקור.

 

הקליקו על התמונות להגדלה

 

Gallery #114

Dionysos and the Theater

 

 

 

Section 1:  Actors in Ancient Art

 

In  ancient drama male actors played all roles, from the heroines of Greek tragedies to the beloved, wily slaves of Roman comedies. Masks identified characters and allowed one actor to play many parts. Comic actors were popular subjects in Greek and Roman art. They were represented in bronzes, terracotta's, paintings on vases, and engravings on gems. Their masks had exaggerated expressions, and their costumes were typically baggy or padded.

 

Lamp in the Shape of a Comic Mask

Roman, A.D. 75-125

Bronze

 

Vessel with a Comic Actor

Greek, made in Apulia, South Italy, 360-350 B.C.

Terracotta

Gnathian situla attributed to the Workshop of the Knnnakis Painter

 

 

Right

Incense Burner Shaped as a Singer

Seated on an Alter

Roman, A.D. 1-50

Bronze

Thymiaterion

 

Left

Incense Burner Shaped as a Comic Actor Seated on an Alter

Roman, A.D. 1-50

Bronze and silver

Thymiaterion

 

Mask of a Satyr

Greek, made in the eastern Mediterranerranean, 300-100 B.C.

Terracotta and pigment

 

Oil Vessel with a Comic Scene

Greek, made in Apulia, South Italy,  360-350 B.C

Terracotta

Red-figured askos

On one side if this vessel, a white-haired old man brandishes a stick as he chases his slave, who flees on the opposite side. Humorous interactions between masters and slaves were a staple of Greek and Roman comedies and were frequently depicted on vases

 

Roundel with a Comic Mask

Greek, from South Italy, about 300 B.C

Bronze

 

Bust of Menander

Roman, A.D. 100-150

Marble

 

Comedies by the Greek playwright Menander (342-291 B.C.) continued to be popular well into Roman times. This portrait bust was modeled after a Greek bronze sculpted by Kephisocotos the Younger and his brother, Timarchos (both active 340-290 B.C.). Shortly after Menander's death, the original statue was erected in the Theater of Dionysos in Athens as a commemorative monument

 

Section 2:  Theatrical Motifs

 

Most of the surviving vases that depict theatrical performance were created in southern Italy and Sicily in the 300S B.C. Used at symposia (male drinking parties), these vessels are often decorated with scenes connected to Dionysos, whose cult governed wine, theater, and passage to the afterlife. The masks worn by actors were also reproduced in clay, serving as additional symbols of theater and its patron god

 

Wine Cup with Dionysos and an Actor

360-350 B.C

Terracotta

Red-figured stemless kylix attributed to the Painter of the Fleischman Phlyax Cup

 

In the center of this wine cup, a phlyax (comic) actor stands before Dionysos. The masked performer wears a typical padded costume with a dangling phallus. The god lifts a ritual bowl, while the actor extends an honorific branch of foliage toward him

 

Mixing Vessel with a Comic Mask

Greek, made in Apulia, South Italy, 350-300 B.C.

Terracotta

Red-figured bell krater

 

 

A comic mask is featured in unusually large scale on this vessel for mixings wine with water. The white hair and beard represent the character of an old man. The ribbons depicted at the back of the mask were probably used to tie it around the actor's head and hang it up between plays.

 

 

 

left

Young Courtesan

Greek, from the eastern Mediterranean, 300-200 B.C

Terracotta and pigment

 

Center

Young Man

Greek, made in Taras, South Italy, 300-100 B.C

Terracotta and pigment

 

right

Old Parasite (Sponger)

Greek, from the eastern Mediterranean, 300-200 B.C

Terracotta and pigment

 

 

 

Mixing Vessel with a Deceased Youth

Greek, made in Apulia, South Italy, 330-320 B.C

Terracotta

Red-figure volute krater attributed to the Underworld Painter

 

South Italian funerary scenes typically portray the deceased, represented here by a youth sitting within a gabled temple or shrine. The comic mask he displays and the scroll beneath his seat suggest that he was both an actor and a playwright. Added white paint accents the figure's heroic nudity

 

 

Oil Jar Fragment with Papposilenos

Greek, made in Apulia, South Italy, 350-325 B.C

Terracotta

Red-figure lekythos fragment attributed to the Workshop of the Darius Painter

 

Wearing a white-bearded mask and a bodysuit covered with tufted goat fur, an actor costumed as Papposilenos, father of the satyrs, plays the double pipe. As leader of the satyr chorus, Papposilenos mediated between his unruly offspring and the gods and heroes who formed the cast of a satyr play. In Greek theater festivals, this ribald performance followed the staging of three tragedies

 

 

 

 

 

על מנת להישאר בפרופורציה מעניינת החלטתי להביא בכל רשומה שני חלקים של הגלרייה ובכך הן לא תהיינה ארוכות מידי ותוכלו להנות מהמוצגים כפי שאני נהניתי מהם.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

הוספת תגובה

נשארו 150 תוים
נשארו 1500 תוים

12 תגובות

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